IVAO Division Procedures

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Brazilian Division Procedures

The Brazilian airspace have 5 (five) Flight Information Regions, where one of these is Oceanic FIR (SBAO - Atlantico FIR). In real life, this Oceanic FIR have the ATC Operation into Recife FIR (SBRE) building. The others FIR are: Curitiba FIR (SBCW), Brasilia FIR (SBBS), Recife FIR (SBRE) and Amaz�nica FIR (SBAZ).

All airspace is RVSM, we apply the east/odd-west/even system.

 

Portuguese Phraseology is basically used (for International Airports/TMA + Area Control Centers, the English is Provided).

 

UNICOM 122.80MHz (text mandatory); Voice (UNICOM) on am2.ts.ivao.aero.

 

1. Brazilian Aispace Classification

Class A – Lower airways (CTA) - at or above FL150, UTA and Some TMA�s has limit top up FL145 (exclusive)

 

Class C - Some TMA�s, according Area Charts, and CTA�s, according Enroute Charts.

 

Class D - Some low airways down to FL150 until minimum level of the airway in CTA, TMA�s until FL145 and CTR�s, according Area Charts and Enroute Charts.

 

Class E - Some TMA�s have upper limit on FL 145, like Goiania TMA.

 

Class G - All remaining airspace (FIR). A clearance is not required for VFR flights within Class E airspace, however pilots are strongly advised to contact the appropriate ACC.

2. Transition Altitude / Transition Level

 

TABLE OF TRANSITION LEVEL AND TRANSITION ALTITUDE x PRESSURE (hPA)

TRANSITION ALTITUDE

TRANSITION LEVEL

FEET
FT

942.2 to 959.4

959.5 to 977.1

977.2 to 995.0

995.1 to 1013.2

1013.3 to 1031.6

1031.7 to 1050.3

2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000

FL45
FL55
FL65
FL75
FL85
FL95

FL40
FL50
FL60
FL70
FL80
FL90

FL35
FL45
FL55
FL65
FL75
FL85

FL30
FL40
FL50
FL60
FL70
FL80

FL25
FL35
FL45
FL55
FL65
FL75

FL20
FL30
FL40
FL50
FL60
FL70

3. Squawk Codes

All traffics on Uncontrolled Airspace must be set squawk code 2000.


All VFR and IFR traffics on Controlled Airspace must be maintain 2000 allocated on SSR until other ATC information.

 

Emergency codes:

 

7500 - Unlawful Interference

7600 - Communication failure

7700 - Emergency

4. Aeronautical Charts

You can found the charts and other brazilian publications in AISWEB Website: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/ on �Cartas� menu.

In the same website, you can found all of publications about the Brazilian Aviation Rules.

5. Units of Measurements

The units of measurement used in all air-ground operations are in accordance with the ICAO Annex 5. Some of the magnitudes in common use are included in the following table:

Altitudes and elevations

Feet and meters

ft and m

Distances

Nautical Miles

Nm

Speed

Knots or Mach

kt or M

Visibility, RVR

Kilometers and meters

km and m

Altimeter setting

Hectopascals

Hpa

Temperature

Celsius degrees

�C

Weight

Kilograms

Kg

Time

Hours and minutes

h and min

6. FIR�s Special Procedures

SBAO – Atl�ntico FIR:

 

1.  Squawks: 2000, 7600 and 7700.

 

2. General procedures:

2.1. Contact the SBAO_CTR (non-RADAR ACC) 30 (thirty) minutes before ACC AO airspace to obtain the "Oceanic Clearance".

2.2. Atl�ntico Center is a RVSM airspace.

2.3. Enroute Charts (ERC) and Flight Planning Chart (FPC):

2.3.a. H1: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/enrc/ENRC_H1.pdf

2.3.b. H2: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/enrc/ENRC_H2.pdf

2.3.c. H3: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/enrc/ENRC_H3.pdf

2.3.d. H4: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/enrc/ENRC_H4.pdf

 2.3.e. FPC LOW: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/fpc/FPC_INF.pdf

2.4.f. FPC UPPER: http://www.aisweb.aer.mil.br/aisweb_files/cartas/fpc/FPC_SUP.pdf

3. Phraseology to Oceanic Flights:

Attempt that, in those cases, the read back is made by the ACC controller and confirmed by pilot.

 

3.1. Authorization:

Atl�ntico Center, (CALL) for clearance, proceeding via (AWY), estimating (FIX) at (ETE) Zulu, maintaining flight level xxx, Mach x.xx, SELCAL code xxxx.

(CALL), Atl�ntico Center, you are cleared via (AWY), flight level xxx, Mach .xx. You must pass (FIX) between xxxx Zulu and xxxx Zulu.

Cleared flight level xxx, Mach .xx. (FIX) between xxxx Zulu and xxxx Zulu, (CALL).

 

3.2. Entering in the air space and others positions reports:

Atl�ntico Center, (CALL) for SELCAL check and position report.

(CALL), Atl�ntico, check your SELCAL.

(CALL), SELCAL checked. To position report.

Go ahead, (CALL).

(CALL) passing position (FIX1) at xx:xx Zulu, estimating (FIX2) at xx:xx Zulu, next (FIX3), flight level xxx, Mach x.xx, wind xxx degrees, xx knots.

(CALL), reset transponder, squawk 2000. Copied (FIX1) at xx:xx Zulu, (FIX2) at xx:xx, flight level xxx, Mach x.xx, wind xxx degrees with xx knots.

Readback is correct, (CALL) squawking 2000.

 

3.3. Resume:

All the Oceanic Phraseology has this structure:

"First contact, report your SELCAL. For position report, you need to say your callsign, fix you're passing and hour (ZULU), next fix and estimated hour (ZULU), a third fix, your flight level, your mach number, and the wind on your cruise flight level."

 

4. Preferential routes:

4.1. Brazil to Europe:

 

Departure gate

Route

Arrival gate

4.1.a

Fortaleza

UN741

Porto Santo

4.1.b

Mossor�

UN866

Tenerife

4.1.c

Natal

UN873

Gran Canaria

4.1.d

Recife / F. Noronha

UB623

Sal Island

4.1.e

Fernando de Noronha

UN857

Lanzarote

             

4.2. Brasil to Africa:

 

Departure gate

Route

Arrival gate

4.2.a

Recife

UR551 BUGAT UL206 KODOS UA302

Dakar

4.2.b

Vitoria

UL206 KODOS UA302

Dakar

4.2.c

Vitoria

UL330 ASDOK UA572

Lungi (Freetown)

4.2.d

Vitoria

UL327 SERIM UG433

Roberts (Monrovia)

4.2.e

Vitoria

UL335 AKRAN UA560

Accra

4.2.f

Porto (R. Janeiro)

UL340 ILGER UA611F

Luanda

4.2.g

Marica (R. Janeiro) 

UL224

Capetown

                                                

5. Airways:

5.1. Low: B.

5.2. High: UN,UB and UL.

 

SBAZ – Amaz�nico FIR:

 

1. NOTAM�s:

Aircrafts flying in Amaz�nica FIR class G airspace under visual flight rules (VFR) are allowed, if needed, to request ATS service from Amazonico Center and might have to follow flow regulation procedures. The aircrafts under VFR rules must not transmit AFIL flight plan to Amazonico Center and must send its flight plan before takeoff. The aircrafts flying in Amazonica FIR under instrument flight rules (IFR) must not fly in a class G airspace below FL100, except during departure and arrival procedures.

 

 

2. Preferential Routes:

(Z0032/2008)

Flights from SBGR or SBGL with destination to KMIA, KORD, KATL, SVMI and KJFK that intend to fly in Amazonica FIR airspace via routes UZ23 and UL304 should use the following preferencial routes:

- Takeoff from SBGR: UW2 BRS UZ24 STM DCT BUVIP (N0122.25W05913.60) DCT BVI UL304 ISANI

- Takeoff from SBGL: UA312 STM DCT BUVIP (N0122.25W05913.60) DCT BVI UL304 ISANI

Flights from EUROPE ACFT with destination SBGR AWY
UN873, UN857 UB623 OR CAN FULFILL ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ROUTES
ALTERNATIVES:
 - ACFT FOLLOW FOR PURSUING BY UN873 UN873 GONZO UW58
- ACFT FOLLOW FOR PURSUING BY UN857 UN857 FNO UB623 REC
UW58
 - ACFT FOLLOW FOR PURSUING FOR UB623 UB623 REC UW58

 

3. Usual Squawk Codes:

 

ACC Amaz�nico

6001 - 6077

TMA Manaus

6101 - 6177

TMA Bel�m

6201 - 6277

TMA Macap�

6301 - 6337

TMA S�o Luis

6340 - 6377

TMA Porto Velho

6401 - 6437

TMA Rio Branco

6440 - 6477

TMA Amaz�nica

6501 - 6537

TMA Boa Vista

6540 - 6577

TMA Santar�m

6601 - 6637

TMA Alta Floresta

6640 - 6677

TMA Marab�

6701 - 6717

TMA Tef�

6720 - 6737

TMA Tucuru�

6740 - 6767

Others Airdromes

6770 - 6777

 

SBBS - Brasilia FIR:

 

1. NOTAM:

14/05/10 21:33 - 09/11/10 03:00
VFR FLIGHT IN CURITIBA CTA T-6 (PIPE AREA SAO PAULO)
CAN NOT BE CARRIED OUT ABOVE FL075, EXCEPT
WHEN AUTH BY THE WAY THIS APP SAO PAULO,
EXCEPTIONALLY, THIS DONE VFR FLIGHT
Entirely out of controlled airspace (Class G):
1 – NOT receive no APP INFO FLIGHT OF SAO PAULO,
2 – NOT should call the APP SAO PAULO (FREQ 125.60 MHZ)
  Except in an emergency situation,
3 - WHEN THE ABM DE SAO JOSE DOS CAMPOS / THE DAM
  SANTA WHITE FOR ENTERING IN REA UNDER TMA SAO PAULO,
  MUST CALL IN SAO PAULO APP FREQ 129.50MHZ E
4 - Leaving the TMA SAO PAULO should continue ADJUSTED
  SSR CODE BY APP previously allocated SAO PAULO
REF: AIP BRASIL ENR 2.2.1)

------------------------------------------------------------------

25/09/09 19:24 - PERM
FIR SBAZ - AWY UM782 CORRECTING SPINAL NOTICES: USE ONLY IN PAIRS FL EXCERPT VOR SCB / VOR CIA. FOR: USE ONLY IN PAIRS FL VOR PORTION CIA / MULIP
REF:AIP BRASIL ENR 3.3.1-20M

------------------------------------------------------------------

04/03/10 18:54 - PERM
FIR - INSERT TABLE IN AWY UW13 RMK: ONLY USE FL ODD NO PORTION BCO VOR / VOR BHZ
REF: AIP-BRASIL MAP ENRC H1

------------------------------------------------------------------

18/03/10 14:15 - 15/09/10 23:59
FLIGHTS Resulting from SBGR SBGL OR WITH A DEST KMIA, KORD, Katla,
And we intend SVMI KJFK LOGIN IN AMAZON FOR FIR

UZ23 AND ROUTES UL304, NO PERIOD BTN 0300 A 0630 UTC will
FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING PREFERENTIAL ROUTES:
- TKOF DE SBGR - UW2 BRS UZ24 STM DCT BUVIP (N0122.25W05913.60)
 DCT UL304 BVI ISAN
- TKOF DE SBGL - UA312 STM DCT BUVIP (N0122.25W05913.60)
 DCT UL304 BVI ISAN

REF AIP BRASIL ENR 2

-------------------------------------------------------------------

18/03/10 14:20 - 15/09/10 23:59
MNM LVL CHANGE OF FLIGHT OR EXCERPTS OF AWY AWY
IN THE AIRSPACE OF BRASILIA FIR FOR
FL090 (INCLUSIVE) UNLESS the LVL MNM

IN FORCE BE HIGHER

REF: AIP BRASIL ENR 3.1

-------------------------------------------------------------------

18/03/10 17:03 - 15/09/10 23:59
1) The IFR FLIGHT IN BRASILIA FIR can only be performed IN OR ABOVE FL090 (LVL OF CRZ) EXC PHASES DURING APCH AND EXIT Notwithstanding that specifies the AIP BRAZIL PART ENR 1.3 for MNM FL DETERMINATION OF SAFETY IN BRASILIA FIR
2) VFR FLIGHT IN BRASILIA FIR:
- Can only be performed IN OR BELOW FL075
- ONLY IN EMERGENCY should call the ACC BRASILIA
- If you have EQPT of radio communication shall monitor the FREQ OF SECT CORRESPONDENT OF BRASILIA ACC
Should observe-FOR UNDER ITEM OF ACI 100-12 14.7.2 (PAGE 164 OF 09 APRIL 2009)
3) VFR FLIGHT IN MRI OR CTR OF FIR Brazil should maintain contact with the ATC CORRESPONDENT - APP OR TWR
4) Restrictions on items 1) and 2) DO NOT APPLY TO IFR OR VFR FLIGHT OF HEL INVOLVED IN THE OPS maritime platforms, such flights should include in NR ITEM 18 OF FPL the following observation:

RMK / ACFT OPERATING IN offshore platforms

REF: AIP-BRASIL ENR 1.3

 

2. Usual Squawk Codes:

 

ACC Bras�lia

4020 - 4077

0400 - 0417

TMA S�o Paulo*

4001 - 4017

0420 - 0437

-Congonhas

4201 - 4227

 

-Guarulhos

4230 - 4257

 

-Viracopos

4260 - 4267

 

-S�o Jos� dos Campos

4270 - 4277

 

TMA Belo Horizonte

4301 - 4377

0440 - 0457

TMA Vit�ria

4401 - 4477

0570 - 0577

TMA Bras�lia

4101 - 4177

0500 - 0517

TMA An�polis

4500 - 4547

0540 - 0457

TMA Palmas

4550 - 4577

0550 - 0557

TMA Uberaba

4600 - 4647

0560 - 0567

TMA Cuiab�

4700 - 4777

0460 - 0477

TMA Ribeir�o Preto

4650 - 4677

0520 - 0537

TMA Pirassununga (military)

1450 - 1477

 

* Squawk 4001 to 4017 will be allocated to incoming traffics that have squawk 2000.

 

SBCW – Curitiba FIR:

 

1. NOTAM�s:

1) IFR FLIGHT IN CURITIBA FIR DIDN�T BE ABLE BELOW 
FL090 (FLIGHT LEVEL).


2) VFR FLIGHT IN CURITIBA FIR:
- DIDN�T BE ABLE ABOVE  FL075, EXCEPT WHEN MOVEMENT OF MILITARY AIRCRAFT (COM).

- DON�T CALL AND MAINTAIN ACC-CWB FREQUENCY, EXCEPT IN EMERGENCE.
- MONITORING TO THE FREQUENCY OF SECTOR CORRESPONDENT ACC-CWB IF HAVE RADIO COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT IN OPERATION.


3) VFR FLIGHT IN TMA OR CTR FROM FIR CURITIBA MUST KEEP MAINTAIN CONTACT WITH ATC UNIT CORRESPONDENT – APP OR TWR.


4) RESTRICTIONS IN ITEM 1) NOT APPLY TO IFR FLIGHTS OF HEL
INVOLVED IN OPS OF SANTOS BASIN.               

 

2. Usual Squawk Codes:

 

2.1 - Civil Aircrafts:

TMA

IFR

VFR

ACC Curitiba

3001 - 3077

0101 - 0177

TMA Rio de Janeiro

3101 - 3177

0201 - 0210

TMA Curitiba

3201 - 3277

0211 - 0220

TMA Porto Alegre

3301 - 3377

0221 - 0230

TMA Florian�polis

3401 - 3477

0231 - 0240

TMA Navegantes

3501 - 3577

0241 - 0250

TMA Campo Grande

3601 - 3617

0251 - 0260

TMA Londrina

3620 - 3637

0261 - 0270

TMA Foz

3640 - 3657

0271 - 0277

TMA P. Prudente

3660 - 3677

0701 - 0710

TMA Santa Maria

3701 - 3717

0711 - 0720

TMA Paso de los L.

3720 - 3737

0721 - 0730

TMA Bauru

3740 - 3757

0731 - 0740

TMA Corumb�

3760 - 3777

0741 - 0757

 

.ACC-ON: It is compulsory ATCs use the table above or at the discretion of the ACC.
.ACC-OFF: It is compulsory ATCs use the table above.
→ Aircraft Radar Service terminated with compulsory relocate code transponder Mode A / C 2000.
→ ACFT in emergency transponder code relocate Mode A / C 7700.

2.2 - Codes Transponders - Other Type of Operation:

 

CODE

Flights Physicians and / or Ambulance

0001 - 0027

Radar Calibration and / or Sector

0030 - 0037

Military Operations

1000 - 1117

Police

7020 - 7037

Acrobatic Flights

7000 - 7017

Search and Rescue - SAR

7701 - 7727

 

3. SPECIAL PROCEDURES

 

REA CGR:

 

TMA:

Circular area with center in ray 2028.l3S/05440.28W and 40NM, with the limit between
FL045 and FLl45.

Airspace Class: D

 

General:

-All aircraft flyin over Campo Grande TMA according visual flight rules (VFR), bound for airfields of Campo Grande, Teruel and Santa Maria or them coming, should compulsorily, use this REA.

-All aircraft flyin over this TMA may be establish bilateral contact with CG Approach control in freq. 119.10 MHz, to leave REA if the flow of traffic and weather conditions allow.

-All aircraft flyin within the REA, should maintain altimeter setting QNH provided by APP TWR.

 

 

SBRE – Recife FIR:

 

1. Center Controlled by only one ATC:

Callsign: SBRE_CTR

Frequency: 125.450 MHz

 

2. Center Controlled by only two ATC:

Callsign: SBRE_N_CTR (Sector North)

Frequency: 125.450 MHz

 

Callsign: SBRE_S_CTR (Sector South)

Frequency: 133.250 MHz

 

 

3. Operation in aerodromes:

With offline ATC:

Should be provided the service ATS - Authorization of traffic, pushback and start-up, taxi, takeoff and landing.

 

Observation: In case of heavy traffic with the ATC (above 20 aircraft), this may allow traffic as follows: pass a transponder, runway in use and send the traffic to the UNICOM (122.80 MHz), for ground coordination, requesting that it return to the frequency of the ACC after takeoff. In such cases, the aircraft on arrival to the airfield should be directed to the UNICOM when the end of the runway in use.

 

With online ATC:

 Aerodromes ATC Transfers to the Center

ATC

Transfer

Delivery

After the traffic authorization

Ground

When the aircraft is at the holding point.

Tower

After takeoff from the aircraft

Approach

1000ft (thousand feet) below the upper limit of the TMA or 5nm (five miles) before the limit side of the TMA.

AFIS

22nm (twenty-two miles) outbound from the airfield or in FL (flight level) coordinated in advance with the Center.

 

Center Transfer to Aerodromes ATC

ATC

Transfer

Delivery

If the aircraft request flight plan authorization.

Ground

After the aircraft vacate the runway in use.

Tower

When the aircraft is in the final and have sight on the runway in use or in the Traffic Pattern.

Approach

1000ft (thousand feet) below the upper limit of the TMA or 5nm (five miles) before the limit side of the TMA.

AFIS

32nm (thity-two miles) outbound from the airfield or in FL (flight level) coordinated in advance with the Center.

 

Observation 1:  It is recalled here that an aircraft to be in an TMA, it must be below the upper limit and limits side of the terminal.

.

Observation 2: To be an aircraft under the jurisdiction of an AFIS it must be below the FL (flight level) 145 and within a radius of 27nm (twenty-seven miles) from the aerodrome

 

Observation 3: If the traffic is intense, or the ATC judge necessary, you can request that the aircraft through the repurchase FL (flight level) 1000ft (thousand feet) above the upper limit of Terminal / AFIS of destination or a waypoint (fixed), in order to avoid being forgotten by the Center.

 

4. Usual Squawk Codes:

 

For aircraft that request authorization for traffic in major airports:

LOCAL (ICAO)

IFR CODE

VFR CODE

Salvador (SBSV)

5101 until 5147

2101 until 2147

Ilh�us (SBIL)

5150 until 5177

2150 until 2177

Aracaju (SBAR)

5201 until 5247

2201 until 2247

Porto Seguro (SBPS)

5250 until 5277

2250 until 2277

Macei� (SBMO)

5301 until 5377

2301 until 2377

Recife (SBRF)

5401 until 5447

2401 until 2447

Jo�o Pessoa (SBJP)

5450 until 5477

2450 until 2477

Natal (SBNT)

5501 until 5577

2501 until 2577

Fortaleza (SBFZ)

5601 until 5677

2601 until 2677

Teresina (SBTE)

5701 until 5777

2701 until 2777

Juazeiro (SBJU)

5070 until 5077

2070 until 2077

 

For aircraft that request authorization to traffic in other airports of Recife FIR with or without ATC online or make the first contact in flight:

IFR CODE

VFR CODE

5001 until 5067

2001 until 2067

 

5. Special Arrival Procedures (STAR):

Only the Intl Airport July 2 - Salvador (SBSV) and Gilberto Freire Intl (SBRF) has STAR instruments, which have their procedures specified below:

 For land RWY 10:

STAR BONF: Aircraft from the areas north and northeast of the aerodrome, allows the descent to FL (flight level) 100.

            ∙ Via UW58: Calls to the aircraft to report on the blockade of Aracaju (ACJ), after the blockade, allows right turn to Alagoinhas (AGN) via BONF arrival.

 

STAR AMAN: Aircraft from the western sector of the aerodrome, allows the descent to FL (flight level) 100.

 

STAR MARE: Aircraft from the southern sector of the aerodrome, allows the descent to FL (flight level) 150.

 

For land RWY 28:

STAR IPIT: Aircraft from the areas north and northeast of the aerodrome, allows the descent to FL (flight level) 100.

            ∙ Via UW58: Calls to the aircraft to report on the blockade of Aracaju (ACJ), after the blockade, allows curve to the left via ANTO fixed for the arrival IPIT.

 

STAR KARE: Aircraft from the areas west, south and southeast of the aerodrome, allows the descent to FL (flight level) 150.

 

6. Procedures with Atlantic FIR:

            Aircrafts that are going to enter Atlantic airspace must be transferred and coordinated before entering the FIR. After contacting the Atlantic Center, they will be informed about the procedures in use in the FIR, estimated to entry, and final authorization for flight in Atlantic airspace.

 

7. NOTAM�s:

13/11/07 16:02 - PERMIS
 AIP-BRAZIL ENR 2.1.6 LIST OF ROUTES FOR PREFERRED IFR
TMA SAO PAULO AND TMA RIO DE JANEIRO:
1) ITEM 2.1.6.1 TMA SAO PAULO – THE ACFT WITH DESTINATION TO SBGR CANCEL
   THE FOLLOWING ORIGIN AND PREFERRED IFR ROUTES:
   - ORIGIN EUROPE / NE OF BRAZIL VIA UW58:
   ROUTE PREFERENTIAL IFR: ...UW58.../PCL, PCL: 09 OR STAR TUCA
   TORK 09 OR 27 FALK
   - ORIGIN EUROPE / NE OF BRAZIL VIA UZ1: ROUTE PREFERENTIAL
    IFR: ... UZ1 :.../ PCX, UA314: PCX / MRC, UW50: MRC / USABA, USABA:
    STAR GURU GURU 27 OR 09
   - ORIGIN EUROPE / NE OF BRAZIL VIA UW50: ROUTE PREFERENTIAL
     IFR: ... UW50.../MRC, UW50: MRC / USABA, USABA: STAR GURU OR 09
     27 GURU
   - ORIGIN SBBH:
     ROUTE PREFERENTIAL IFR: GEO DCT (SID) IVRT: UW58: IVRT / PCL,
     PCL: STAR TORK 09 OR 09 OR 27 FALK
(Z0208/2007)

   

 

BR-FOC - Leandro Suzuki179874

BR-FOAC – Matheus Antunes182860

SBAZ-CH – Leonardo Martinetto Ferreira 192003 

SBAZ-ACH - David Cunha Candiotto - 234053 

SBAO-CH - Lucas Joao Machado 298386

SBBS-CH – Alvin Mardegan  259438 

SBCW-CH – Fernando Marini 249151

SBCW-ACH – Lucas Pott 299762 

SBRE-CH – Bernard Pitanga 313351