IVAO Special Operations

 Not for operational use

This phraseology is giving you examples of Air Traffic Control (ATC) for the use by Special Operations on IVAO. In some occasions it can be used for civilian purposes as well.

This may and can be use by overall ATC between pilots and controller on IVAO network.

This will show you in complete text examples how voice communications goes around the globe.


In this example you are able to find :

- Common information

- Basic, Standard and Advanced

 - Used terms

- Emergency procedures

- Radio communication


 Within the overall aviation world, communication is a very essential part of it.

Communication must be used to let all aircraft fly through the skies without any problems.

Pilots and ATC must use communication from the beginning until the end.

 Without communication the skies above us would be one big mess.

That�s also what we on IVAO don�t want to create.

 Language: Within aviation the language English is being used only. It�s also permitted to use own language as a pilot or ATC only, when some big misunderstandings take place. (To fellow country members only)

English language must be maintained and present at all times.

 Transmission: To transmit a message as a pilot to ATC or as ATC to a pilot there are some things you need to keep in mind before transmitting.

* Before transmitting a message, listen first carefully to the frequency. You don�t want to interfere with others.

* Now how to handle your microphone and teamspeak.

* Use a normal transmission mode. Speak clearly and slowly. This way you are better to understand.

* Maintain a constant transmission speed. Don�t shout and change your speed of talking.

* Incase of an emergency, stay calm. Don�t start yelling and doing all crazy.

* Use short breaks between numbers when transmitting. This way confusions don�t have to occur.

* Push your transmission button before starting to talk. Let is go after you finished.

* Never use voice activation for teamspeak. This way you can interfere without any idea.

When you transmitted a message and made a mistake, always use the term �correction �to correct you message to the own you are transmitting to.

The best way to give your correction, you could transmit the message again.

Now you can use �correction, I say again �

 Priority: Transmissions that begin with emergency calls are always first!

�PAN-PAN-PAN �: Indicates something has goes wrong. Not a emergency call yet.

�MADAY-MAYDAY-MAYDAY �: Indicates a emergency in progress.

 Readability: When a transmission is not clearly, or is clear you can use �Unreadable, Say Again, Loud en Clear.

Example: Reading you loud and clear with some background noise.

Word/Phrase Meaning
ACKNOWLEDGE Let me know you have recieved and understood this message.
AFFIRM Yes (note: The word AFFERMATIVE is used by some nations).
APPROVED Permission for proposed action granted.
BREAK Indicates the seperation between portions of messages.
BREAK, BREAK Indicates the seperation between messages to different aircraft when busy.
CANCEL Annul the previously transmitted clearance.
CHECK Examine a system or procedure (no awnser is expected).
CLEARED Autorized to proceed under the conditions specified.
CONFIRM Have I correctly recieved the following ? Or did you correctly recieve this ?
CONTACT Establish radio contact with...(controller to controller).
CONTINUE WITH Used when it is already known that an aircraft has already established contact.
CORRECT That is correct
CORRECTION An error has been made in the transmission.
DISREGARD Consider that trnsmission as not send.
FREE CALL Call another unit as designated. Handover to other unit not obtained.
GO AHEAD Proced with your message.
HOW DO YOU READ What is the readability of your transmission.
I SAY AGAIN Repeat your last transmission
MONITOR Listen out on... (frequency)
NEGATIVE No or permission not granted or that is not correct
OVER My transmission is ended and expect a response from you.
OUT The transmission is ended and no response is expected.
PASS YOUR MESSAGE Proceed with your message.
READ BACK Repeat all, or the specified part, of this clearance or part there of.
REPORT Pass the following information.
RECLEARED A change has made to your last clearance or part of.
REQUEST I should like to know... or I wish to obtain.
ROGER I have recieved all your last transmission.
SAY AGAIN Repeat all, or the following part of your transmission.
SPELL Spell portion indicated phonetically.
SPEAK SLOWER Reduce your rate of speech.
STANDBY Wait and I will cann you back.
VERIFY Check and confirm.
WILCO I have recieved your message, understood, and will comply with it.

  Use of term �Cleared �: Can only be used by the following options

* Cleared ILS approach

* Cleared for *** departure route

* Cleared for take-off

 The word take-off may only be used it a aircraft is really cleared to. Otherwise use the word departure.

 Authorization to flight routes such as airways, altitudes and intersections are used with the term �Cleared to/off �

To use the �cleared to �term can also be applied by:

* Cleared to cross runway

* Cleared to land

* Cleared for tough and go.

 Never use the term �cleared to/for �by the following:

* Start-up (start-up approved)

* Crossing a runway (Crossing approved)

* Taxi (taxi to ....)

* Exit runway (vacated rwy )

 ATC may also never use clear to incase of climb or descent

ATC shall use � climb to and descent to �

 Example : (ATC) KLM123 descent to FL100 ...

             (Pilot) KLM123 leaving FL150, descending to FL100

 Also when a heading is given you must use the word � heading � before it.

Example : KLM123 turn right heading 240.

 What you hear a lot is KLM123 turn right 240.

Some pilots may understand this as heading 40.

 Issuance of a clearance :

* (aircraft) cleared to ...

* Recleared (amended clearance details)

* Recleared (amended route portion) TO
  (significant point of original route)

* Enter control area or zone via (significant point) at (level) at (time)

* Leave control area or zone at (level)
  (or climbing or descending)

* Join (specify) at (significant point) at (level) at (time)

Indication of route and clearance limit :

A. From (place) to (place)

b. To (place) followed as necessary by :

 * Direct

* Via (route and/or reporting points);

* Via flight plan route

* Via (distance) arc (direction) or (name of DME station)

* Out of control area or zone (distance) (direction) or (place)

 Maintenance of specified levels :

* Maintain (level) to (significant point).

* Maintain (level) until passing (significant point).

* Maintain (level) until (time).

* Maintain (level) until advised by (name of unit).

* Maintain (level) until further advice.

* Maintain (level) while in controlled airspace.

* Maintain at least (number) feet (or meters) above or below (aircraft identification).

 The term 'MAINTAIN' is not be used in lines of descend or climb when instructing an aircraft
to change level.

 Specification of cruising levels :                  

* Cross (significant point) at (or above, or below) (level).

* Cross (significant point) at (time) or later(or before) at (level) (maintain own separation and VMC).

* Cruise climb between (levels) (or above) (level).

* Cross (distance) (name of DME station) DME at (or above, or below) (level).

 Emergency descent :

* Emergency descend (intentions)

* Emergency descent at (significant point or location) all aircraft below (level) within (distance) of (significant point or navigation aid) leave immediately (followed as necessary by specific instructions as to direction, heading or track, etc.).


This will show you in text how basic ATC will go. (UNIT) means the callsign of the ATC station. (C/S) callsign the aircraft.

REQUEST FOR SERVICE :                                               

Pilot :

(C/S)  Type, Position and Heading, Altitude/flight level

Any other information
(destination, intentions, etc)

 Example : Amsterdam Radar, KLM123, KLM123 is a B747-400, 12NM east of SPY, Heading 150, at FL280 inbound EEL, Request flight following.


Radar :

 ATC              (C/S)
                     for identification turn L/R heading
                     (length of time e.g. 'For 1 minute'
                     may be added)

This procedure is not a standard; this maneuver may be requested by ATC only in case of doubt about aircraft identification (not squawk identified for example)

 Pilot                Turning L/R heading ....(C/S)

 SSR :

 ATC                (C/S) Squawk ####

 Pilot                Squawk #### (C/S)

 ATC                (C/S) Squawk ident

 Pilot                Squawk ident (C/S)

 ATC                (C/S) Squawk standby                                         

Pilot                Squawk standby (C/S)

 On identification :

ATC                (C/S) Identified (position)

 Service given :                        

ATC                (C/S)

* Radar control

* Radar advisory

* Radar information

* Radar monitoring


ATC                (C/S)
                     Traffic L/R ... o'clock ... miles,

                     Flight level/altitude (if known)
                     (additional information e.g.
                     crossing L/R indicating .... ft above/below, under our control no confliction)


Radar control

 ATC                (C/S) (If necessary, additional 'IMMEDIATELY')
                         Avoiding action turn L/R heading (Pilot is to reply acknowledging turn)
                         (followed by traffic information)

 Radar advisory :                                                            Remarks :

 ATC              (C/S)
                     Traffic information if not
                     sighted turn L/R heading....

 Pilot              Turning, looking, maintaining,                        Pilot is to reply stating intentions

 ATC              (C/S)     at controllers discretion/late sighting or
                     Avoiding action if not sighted                       
                     turn L/R heading ... traffic

 Pilot              Turning, looking,                                         Pilot is to reply stating intentions
                     maintaining, etc.

 Radar information :

ATC                Traffic information

 Pilot is to acknowledge but is responsible for own avoiding action. If aircraft is maneuvering
 then traffic information is to be given by reference cardinal points i.e. traffic 5 miles
 north, heading south

 HEADING :                                Remarks :

ATC                (C/S)

* Request heading

* Your heading should be ...

* Continue heading

* Resume original heading    


ATC                (C/S)                  Pilot is to reply acknowledging instructions

* Turn L/R heading ...

* Stop turn heading ...

* Continue turn heading ...


ATC                (C/S)                   Pilot is to reply acknowledging instructions

* Request altitude/height/ flight level

* Maintain: .... fl/FL

* Descend/climb to: altitude ..... Ft/FL .....

* Report: leaving, reaching, passing .... Ft/FL .....Level


ATC               (C/S)                                Pilot is to reply acknowledging instructions
                     Descend/climb with 1500 ft
                     per minute or less to FL 330,
                     reason TCAS


ATC                (C/S)

* Radar service terminated

* No radar service for next ... miles as you pass through/close to the radar overhead/permanent echoes/ weather clutter


ATC                (C/S)                   only when required

* Request flight conditions

* Confirm VMC/IMC

* Report any change in flight conditions

 Pilot                Pilot replies as appropriate


ATC                (C/S) Request aircraft type

 Pilot                (ACFT type) (C/S)


Pilot                (Unit)(C/S) Request steer (heading)

ATC                (C/S) Steer (heading or degrees)



 At dispersal/platform :                                                  Remarks:

Start up (if applicable)

 Pilot           (Unit)(C/S)                                                     1) Except for single/dual seated fighter aircraft
(Intention) (POB1)
Information(ATIS Information)
Request start up.

 ATC           (C/S) (Unit) POB1)
Start up approved
Information correct/not correct
(RWY)(QNH), Time

 Pilot           Roger, start up approved
(RWY)(QNH) (Time checked)

 Example :

Amsterdam Startup, KLM123 at gate D5, with 1 POB, received information C, request start up.

 Clearance :

ATC           (C/S) are you ready to copy your clearance ?

 Pilot           Ready or Stand by, go ahead

 ATC           (C/S) cleared to ...... via ........
(Via flight planned route) ........
(Clearance limit) (If applicable)
Squawk �.

 Pilot           Cleared to ......... via ......... (Via flight
planned route) ........ (Clearance limit)
Squawk �.

 Clearance will be given during Startup or during taxi.

 At dispersal :                                                               Remarks :

Pilot           (Unit)(C/S)                                                     Position of aircraft may be required by ATC.

                (C/S) Request taxi                                           POB may be required by ATC

 ATC         (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) Taxi RWY ....
QNH ......hPa/inch. Aerodrome (AD)
elevation (if required) .... Ft/m
(any additional ATC-information)
or                                                                  RWY .... Left or RWY ... right is to be used for
(C/S) (Unit) (C/S) Hold                                     parallel RWY installation

 Pilot         (C/S)                                                             If a taxi instruction includes the crossing of a
.....(RWY) .......(QNH)                                      RWY, a taxi-limit has to be included at all times
(C/S) Hold

 At holding point :

Pilot           (C/S)                                                             Line-up and hold' may be used by ATC when it
Ready for departure                                        is possible to permit an aircraft to the take off
                                                                     position but not for actual take off.

ATC           (C/S) Cleared take off
surface wind ... (clock code) ... knots
(departure procedure)(if applicable)
(C/S) line-up (and hold) surface wind ...

                 (Clock code) ... knots
or (C/S) Hold

Pilot                                                                               (C/S) Cleared for take off
or (C/S) line up and hold

          Or (C/S) hold                                                  switching from 'ground  control' to
                                                                     tower frequency is only permitted after prior
                                                                     approval from 'ground control'


 At dispersal/helisquare :                                           Remarks:

Pilot           (Unit) (C/S)                                                    Position of helicopter may be required by ATC
Request taxi
Request hover taxi
Ready for departure

 ATC           (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) POB
Taxi helisquare ........ or RWY ... QNH .......hPa/inch.
AD elevation .... Ft/m (if required). Surface wind ... degrees ...... knots
Hover taxi or Hold

 Pilot           (helisquare/RWY) Wind .... Degrees ....(knots) ....(QNH)
or (C/S) Holding

 At holding position :

Pilot           (C/S) Ready for departure

 ATC           (C/S) Cleared take off or (C/S) Hold

 Pilot           (C/S) Cleared for take off or (C/S) Holding


 Overhead pattren:

Approaching and when approximately 3 minutes from initial point


Pilot           (Unit) (C/S)                                                    1) except for single/dual seated fighter aircraft
(C/S) POB 1) Position .......
(......FL/Altitude) Information........(ATIS),
(If applicable)
for landing/touch and go/low approach

 ATC         (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) POB 1)
RWY ... (R/L) QNH (fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)..... HPa/inch. AD elevation ...

                Ft/m (if required)
Information correct (if applicable)
(Any additional ATC-information)

 Pilot           (C/S)  (RWY) (QNH) (fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)

 At initial point : (at least 3 NM (5 km) generally around 10 Nm

 Pilot         (C/S) Initial to land/
full stop, roll/touch and go,
overshoot/low approach

 ATC         (C/S) (pass circuit traffic
information) surface wind ...
(clock code) .... Knots

                 Cleared for the break (information if required), surface wind � report 180 point (=downwind) gear down and locked (or 3 greens)

 Pilot          (C/S)

 On the break :

 Pilot          (C/S) on the break

 ATC          (C/S) Number ...

 Pilot          (C/S) Number ...

 At final/base leg :

 Pilot          (C/S) Final/base, gear down
(and locked)/three greens

 ATC          (C/S)                                                             Slow lane L/R (if applicable)
cleared to ........ (Intentions)

 Pilot          (C/S)

Rectangulair Pattern :                                              Remarks:

 Approaching and when approximately 1 minute before entering the CTR

 Pilot          (Unit) (C/S) (C/S) POB  1)                                             1) except for single/dual seated fighter aircraft
Position ....... (........ FL/Altitude)
Request joining/landing instructions

 ATC          (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) POB 1)
Report L/R-hand downwind RWY ...
QNH (fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH) ..... HPa/inch. AD
elevation .... Ft/m (if required)
(any additional ATC-information)

 Pilot          (C/S)
(RWY) (QNH) (fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)

 If pilot wishes straight in-approach after first call

 Pilot         (C/S) Request straight in-
approach ......... (Intentions)

 ATC         (C/S) (straight in) approved
report...... (Position as required by ATC)
(C/S) Negative (plus additional
information as required)

 Pilot         (C/S)
Report (position)
or (C/S) (acknowledge instructions)

 At downwind position :

Pilot           (C/S)
Downwind (intentions)

 ATC         (C/S) Number .....                                            Wind in degrees for civil traffic and military
Surface wind ....  (Clock code/                           transport aircraft
degrees) .... knots
 (C/S) Orbit (L/R)
(at .... ft/m)

 Pilot           (C/S) or (C/S) Orbit (L/R) (at .... ft/m)

 At final/base leg :                                                          Remarks:

Pilot                                                                                (C/S)  Surface wind may be passed with final
Final/Base, gear down (and locked)/                   clearance if significant
three greens

 ATC         (C/S) Cleared to ....... (Intentions)
or                                                                  If pilot fails to state position of landing

                (C/S) Continue                                                gear ATC has to remind pilot to recheck and
or                                                                  confirm 'Gear down'
(C/S) Go around

 Pilot         (C/S) Cleared to (intentions)
(C/S) Continuing

                (C/S) Going around

 After overshoot/touch and go :

 Pilot         (C/S) Returning to initial/
request (Closed pattern,
short initial, SID)

In case of request for closed pattern:

 ATC          (C/S) Closed approved,
report downwind/negative,
return (or other relevant info)

 When closed approved:

 Pilot          (C/S) Closed approved, wilco

 Pilot          (C/S) Downwind

 ATC          (C/S) Number ...., winds.....

 Pilot         (C/S) Number ....

 After landing and vacating the RWY :

 Pilot           (C/S) RWY vacated

 ATC           (C/S) Roger/ roger contact ground on frequency .....

 In case of frequency change

 Pilot           (C/S) switching to .....


 Pilot           (C/S) RWY vacated


 Approaching and when approx. 1 minute before entering the CTR

 Pilot          (Unit) (C/S)                                                   
(C/S)  POB ........ Position ......
(..... FL/Altitude) Request
joining/landing instructions

 ATC         (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) POB ........
Report ......(position) helisquare
or RWY ... (L/R-hand) QNH ....
HPa/inch. AD elevation .....
Ft/m (if required). Surface wind
....  (Degrees) .... knots
(any additional ATC information)

 Pilot          (C/S) (helisquare/RWY)
(wind).... Deg (QNH)......

 If pilot wishes straight in-approach after first call

 Pilot          (C/S)
Request straight in-approach

 ATC          (C/S) Approved or negative                              AD information is passed as required
(plus further instructions)

 Pilot           (C/S) (acknowledge instructions)

 At downwind position :

 Pilot           (C/S) downwind (plus intentions)

 ATC           (C/S) Number ....or other pertinent instructions

 At final position :

 Pilot           (C/S) Final gear down                                       Surface wind may be passed with final
(and locked)/three greens                                clearance if significant

                 (If appropriate)

 ATC           (C/S) Cleared to (intentions)

 Pilot           (C/S) Cleared to (intentions)


Instrument Approach Procedure:

Initial call at least 3 minutes prior to arrival over facility or as directed by ATC.


Pilot           (Unit) (C/S) POB 1), Heavy 2)                           1) Except for single/dual seated fighter ACFT
(C/S) Position........                                          2) If applicable
........FL/Altitude Request
TACAN-approach for RWY... (full-stop/
overshoot/touch and go)

 ATC           (C/S)(unit) (C/S) Report IAF  

                  RWY ... (or any other points as required by ATC)

                 (Aerodrome-/weather information should be passed) MDA ......ft. Request your minimum

 Pilot          (C/S)
(acknowledge instructions)

 Initial Approach Fix :

 Pilot           (C/S) IAF

 ATC           (C/S) (QNH)                                                   Depending on radar availability and local cir-
hPa/inch cleared for TACAN-                             cumstances, the pilot can be ordered to report
approach RWY... (Additional                              positions/ distances/altitudes
information) report ...                                       (Fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)

Pilot           (C/S)  Report...

 Final Approach Fix :

 Pilot           (C/S) FAF with gear down                                 Landing QNH is to be confirmed as set if not already checked. If approach is radar monitored,

                                                                                         controller is to advise pilot approaching the published missed approach point

                                                                                        (Fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)

 ATC           (C/S), continue approach                                  1. Clearance to be obtained at 4 NM touchdown.
(If no TWR clearance available)                          2. In case of full stop, slow lane L/R (if applicable)
or cleared to land/overshoot/
touch and go, the wind is��..

 Pilot           (C/S) (acknowledge instructions

 Aerodrome in sight or Missed Approach :

 Pilot           (C/S) RWY in sight or (C/S) Carrying out missed approach

 Standard Instrument Departure :

 Initial call pilot to approach when airborne or in take off-roll if so arranged between TWR and APP.

 Pilot           (Unit) (C/S) (C/S) climbing SID
........(number or applicable SID),
passing ........(FL or altitude) for ........
(Cleared FL or altitude)

 ATC          (C/S)
(Unit) (C/S) identified 1)                                    1) If radar is available
Report passing FL ...
(report FL .../report reaching
FL .../report turning at ..... NM)

 Pilot          (C/S) will report passing
FL ... (reaching FL .../turning at ... NM)

 Pilot          (C/S) passing FL ... (reaching
FL .../turning at ... NM)

 ATC         (C/S) Contact (Unit) (C/S) on frequency ......

Pilot          (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) frequency ........

Standard R/T procedures ILS:

 On initial approach approximately 10 minutes flying time from destination


Pilot           (Unit) (C/S)
(C/S) POB 1) Position.....                                   1) Except for single/dual seated fighter ACFT
..... FL/Altitude request
ILS-approach to land/full
stop, roll/touch and go,
overshoot/low approach

 ATC          (C/S) (Unit) (C/S) POB 1)                                   Pilot is to be passed the procedure
cleared ILS-approach RWY                                minimum (DA)
report localizer established
(or DME range ...).                                          Additional radar directing may be required
                                                                    before the aircraft is established on the
                                                                    localizer, anyhow in case of a turn of more
                                                                    than 30 degrees, around 5 Nm before beginning

                                                                                     of the descent in order to let pilot time enough to  

                                                                                     perform final cockpit check             

                (C/S) QNH.....

Pilot          (C/S)

 Localizer established :

 Pilot           (C/S)
Localizer established

 ATC           (C/S
Report glide path descending

 Interception of glide path :

 Pilot           (C/S)
Glide path descending, gear
down(and locked)/three

 ATC           (C/S)

 Final clearance :

 ATC           (C/S) ....miles                                                 If approach is monitored by a radar controller
(range as specified locally)                                then the pilot is to be advised when
from touchdown, cleared to                              approaching his declared DA or procedure
land/full stop, roll/touch and go                         minimum
overshoot/low approach,
surface wind .... (Clock code)
....knots                                                         slow lane L/R (if applicable)

                                                                                     Pilot repeats clearance


 On initial approach approximately 10 minutes flying time from destination


Pilot           (Unit) (C/S) (C/S) POB 1)                                              1) Except for single/dual seated fighter ACFT
Position.......  ..... FL/altitude
Request PAR/ASR-approach to
land/full stop, roll/touch and go,
overshoot/ low approach

 ATC           (C/S) (Unit) (C/S)
Identified. POB 1) this will be
a L/R-hand pattern for PAR, PAR AZ
only or ASR RWY ..., MDA/DA......ft/m.
Request your minimum. (Military traffic only)

 Pilot           (pilots repeat) (C/S) and say minimum (Military traffic only)

 ATC           (C/S) QNH........hPa/inch

                 (fighters may prefer QFE instead of QNH)

 Pilot           (C/S)                                                             Speed may be specified for separation in the
  QNH.....                                                        radar pattern. If QNH remains the same it is
                                                                     unnecessary to carry out altimeter checks on
                                                                     aircraft in multiple training circuits

 Handover final controller : (if required)

 ATC           (C/S) ......(range),
Contact final controller
on frequency ........

 Pilot           final controller (C/S) QNH.....minimum.....

 ATC           (C/S) identified.
(Plus other instructions as

 Pilot           (C/S) (pilots repeat)

 Glide path and rate of descent (PAR) : 

ATC           (C/S) Approaching  glide path                            approximately 1/2 NM before GPIP (or other glide

                 (C/S) Begin descent now                                   path warning as laid down in local operating procedures)
for a ...DEG  glide path acknowledge descending

                Instead of �DEG ATC may give the rate of descend requested according to speed approach

 Pilot           (C/S) descending

 ATC          Do not acknowledge further instructions
                 unless requested. On glide path. Slightly
                 above/ below glide path. Adjust rate of
                 descent. Correcting slowly/rapidly/nicely
                 to glide path. Well above/below glide path.
                 On glide path  resume normal rate of descent

 Descent (PAR AZ only/ASR) :

 ATC           (C/S) Approaching descent                               Approximately 1/2 NM before descent (or other
point advisory altitude will be passed                   descent warning as laid down in local operating
at intervals during this approach                         procedures)

                 (C/S) Begin descent now
acknowledge descending

 Pilot           (C/S) descending

 Range :

 ATC           ........miles from ........(location)                         to be passed at 1 NM intervals, from 2 miles at    1/2 NM intervals

 Heading :

 ATC           Heading is good. Well/right/left of centerline.
Correcting rapidly/slowly/nicely to centerline.
On centerline

 Turns :

 ATC           Turn L/R ....DEG  Heading.......

 Glide path failure during PAR :

 ATC           (C/S) Glide path failure.                                     Procedure continues until published Missed
Minimum descent altitude is .... Ft                      Approach Point (MAP) for AZ only approach

 Pilot           (C/S) MDA ...ft

 Undercarriage check :

 ATC           Check gear down(and locked)/ three                  between 2 and 3 NM from touchdown
greens, acknowledge

 Pilot           (C/S) Gear down (and locked)/
three greens

Clearance  :                                                                   Remarks:

 ATC           (C/S)                                                             Clearance to be obtained from TWR-controller

                       a.     Cleared to land/full stop,
 roll/touch and go, overshoot/ low              a. normally at 4 NM but not less than 2 NM
approach surface wind ... (clock code)

                 b.     Final clearance delayed continue                 b. indicating required clearance may be forth-coming

                 c.     Break off this approach � acknowledge        Slow lane L/R (if applicable)
(further instructions as required)

 Pilot         (C/S) Acknowledge (repeat any further

 At pilots minimum :

 ATC           When passing your minimum take over visually

 Pilot           Insight

 ATC           End of Radar vectoring, contact Tower �

 At DA or MDA :

 ATC           Passing DA or MDA advisory information
from now on

 Pilot           Any message as required,
e.g. (C/S) starting Missed Approach
                                                                     Controller has to pause to allow pilot to pass
                                                                     any required message

 At touchdown : (or earlier if unable)

 ATC           (C/S) Over touchdown....                                 Aircraft to be transferred to TWR-controller
or                                                                  when appropriate
(range) Radar service



 Initial Call                                                                      Remarks:

 Pilot          (Unit) (C/S)                                                   
Position and heading                                       
Request SFO

 Homing (by Radar or TACAN) :

 ATC           (C/S) (Unit) (C/S)
Identified Radar approach,
turn L/R heading ... , report
steady, set QNH ..... HPa/inch

 Pilot           Turning on/to/steady heading ... ,
QNH ..... Set (C/S)

 ATC           (C/S) Pass FL/altitude/
height with all transmissions

 Pilot           FL/altitude/height (C/S)

ATC           (C/S) Weather........,
RWY...., length.....available (including
cable state)

 Pilot           FL/altitude/height.....(C/S)

 ATC           (C/S) Remain on this                                         TWR-controller assumes control and rigs
frequency for the local controller                       appropriate cable if applicable
or contact tower on...... (Frequency)

 Overhead procedure :

 Initial Call :

 Pilot           (Unit) (C/S) (C/S)                                           
Request SFO                                                  
                                                                     aircraft with a request for a 'Flameout recovery'

 ATC           (C/S) (Unit) (C/S)
Report high key rwy ... QNH .....

 Pilot           (C/S) (acknowledge)

 High key :

 Pilot           (C/S) High key






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